What is a callus?
A callus, or hyperkeratosis, is a very widespread food ailment. It involves a thickening of the horny layer of the skin located on the sole of the foot and around the heel.
Where does it come from?
Poor load distribution on the foot often leads to the formation of a callus. Due to repeated pressure and friction, the organism triggers an inflammatory reaction, causing thickening of the skin.
Several factors can favor its appearance, including:
- Weakening of the transversal arch;
- Wearing high-heeled shoes;
- Cavoid foot (overloading of the heel and the forefoot);
- Excessive pronation (overloading of the big toe).
It is important to hydrate the affected area well to avoid fissures and crevices.
- Opt for a foot orthosis
A foot orthosis including a bar or a metatarsal dome eases the load on the area where support is excessive. It distributes the pressure under the foot, supports the arches and maintains good foot alignment when walking.
- Choose an orthopedic shoe
It is recommended to wear an adapted shoe that respects the anatomy of the foot and reduces pressure on the forefoot. The features to prefer are a heel lower than one inch and square toe.