What is genu valgum?
Genu valgum corresponds to a deformation of the limbs, which are curved inward.
Where does it come from?
Childhood genu valgum can be caused by several factors, including:
- A poorly consolidated fracture;
- A bone disease;
- Excess weight, resulting in ligament laxity;
In adults, the origin of genu valgum may correspond to:
- A poorly consolidated knee fracture;
- Osteomalacia (softening of the bone);
- Poorly treated or untreated infantile genu valgum.
The severe forms of genu valgum may require an osteotomy, or replacement of the knee joint with a prosthesis.
How can it be recognized?
It can be recognized by the crossed position of the legs (ankles apart and knees together). The effect on walking depends on its accentuation.
Since it involves the displacement of forces and pressure points in the joint, without being painful, this impairment often creates a predisposition to knee osteoarthritis.
Childhood genu valgum
Genu valgum is frequently observed in children. It is often corrected naturally, with growth. In persistent cases, orthopedic treatment may be necessary. Surgery (osteotomy) is rare, but possible.
Treatment solutions for genu valgum
- Opt for a foot orthosis
In a case of genu valgum, wearing a foot orthosis can help maintain or restore good alignment of the knee and distribute the loads better on the joint.