Patellofemoral syndrome

What is patellofemoral syndrome?

Patellofemoral syndrome is characterized by an irritation of the cartilage within the knee between the kneecap and the femur. This occurs as a result of the recurrent use of a malfunctioning (misaligned) joint.


Where does it come from?

The main cause of this syndrome is foot hyperpronation. When walking, heel support on the ground has deviated and the arch of the foot collapses inward. This alters the trajectory of the kneecap and the femur and disturbs knee alignment. The syndrome can also be caused by:

  • Overuse of the joint;
  • Violent solicitation of the knee (sudden increase in intensity);
  • Patellar hypermobility.


How can it be recognized?

The symptoms of the patellofemoral syndrome often correspond initially to occasional acute pain after physical exercise. When the condition is not treated, the problem may worsen and lead to recurrent or chronic pain, present throughout physical activity. In some cases, cracking in the joint can be felt. The symptoms can make some activities difficult, such as:

  • Going up and downstairs;
  • Walking or running on a difference in gradient;
  • Crouching;
  • Long hikes.


Treatment solutions for patellofemoral syndrome

  1. Opt for a foot orthosis

To alleviate the symptoms of patellofemoral syndrome, the foot orthosis restores and maintains the proper alignment of the entire lower limb and thus offers increased joint stability.

  1. Wear a knee orthosis

For optimum rehabilitation, the doctor may prescribe a knee orthosis to be worn at all times, or only when engaged in sports or walking. It protects the joint and protects the stability of the knee and the kneecap.